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World War II

world war; WWII; military history

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World War II Notes

Important Names, Dates, & Facts

  • 1939-1945
  • World War II is also known as "the Good War"
  • Presidents during the War -- Franklin Roosevelt, 1939 - April 1945;
    Harry Truman, April 1945 - 1952
  • Bookends to US active involvement: 12/7/1941 - Pearl Harbor attacked by Japanese;
    Dropping of atomic bomb on Hiroshima (8/6/1945) and Nagasaki (8/9/1945)
  • No armistice for WWII -- allies took the war into Germany to Hitler's front stoop
    and into Japan and drubbed both into submission
  • V-E Day (Victory in Europe) = May 8, 1945
  • V-J Day (Victory in Japan) = August 14, 1945 

Important Associated Happenings

  • Lend-Lease
  • Manhattan Project
  • Internment camps for Japanese/Americans
  • Holocaust
  • Nuremberg war crimes trials (also lesser publicized Japanese war crimes trials)

Important Outcomes/Changes because of the War

  • United Nations
  • Nationhood of Israel -- direct response to world reaction to Holocaust
  • Nuclear age
  • Integration of armed forces
  • Women moved from the home to the work force -- effect on marriage, children, labor...
  • GI Bill