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POLS 277: Research Methods

Use this guide to locate the resources you need to develop your research design and complete your literature review.

APSA Style

WHEN CITING: Articles from a database that were originally published in print should be cited as a print journal (i.e. don't include a URL or database name).

  • See p. 49 of the APSA Style Manual for an example.
  • Tip: Look for page numbers. Articles published in print almost always have them and will appear in your citation.

Citing Data Sets

Citing Data Sets in APSA Style

Note: Use these examples to guide you, but you should consult your style manual and/or your professor for additional guidance.

For datasets introduced in a journal article, cite the article.

If needed, you may
footnote data set(s) too.

Journal Article example:


Gleditsch, Nils Petter, Peter Wallensteen, Mikael Eriksson, Margareta Sollenberg, and Håvard Strand. 2002. “Armed Conflict 1946-2001: A New Dataset.” Journal of Peace Research 39: 615-37.

Footnote example:

     11 The Armed Conflict Dataset is available here: ucdp/datasets/ucdp_prio_armed_conflict_dataset/ 

Cite Datasets Located Online


1st Example: Full publication information is available

Circled 1 icon Bureau of Labor Statistics. Circled 2 icon 2013. Circled 3 icon National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort, 1997-2011. Circled 4 icon Chicago, IL: Circled 5 icon The University of Chicago.


2nd Example: Only online publication information is available

Circled 1 icon Joyce, Mary, António Rosas, and Philip N. Howard. Circled 2 icon 2014. Circled 3 icon Global Digital Activism Data Set, 2013 Circled 6 icon  (Study #34625). Circled 7 icon ICPSR version. Circled 8 icon Seattle, WA: University of Washington [producer], 2013. Circled 9 icon Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university  Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014.


Circled 1 icon Author/Researcher | Circled 2 icon Year Published |  Circled 3 icon Title of Data Set/Study | Circled 4 icon  Location of Study | Circled 5 icon Publisher of Study | Circled 6 icon Accession or Study Number | Circled 7 icon  Data Version  | Circled 8 icon Producer of Study, their Location, & Date |  Circled 9 icon Distributor of Study, their Location, & Date

** These examples have been adapted for use by GCC staff and faculty.

Writing Center

Writing Center

Hours: Mon - Thurs 3:00 - 8:00 pm.

Where: Lower Level of Buhl, Rm 013A